Planning Applications

Planning applications relating to the Parish are considered at each meeting and responses are submitted to St Albans City and District Council as appropriate.  Current and recent applications are detailed below; for any other searches you may wish to use the following links:

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Luton Borough Council planning application search page (for example to search for planning applications related to Luton Airport)

This table lists the recent planning applications within the Parish.  Applications marked PENDING are under consultation or under consideration and by default are listed first, followed by all decisions in planning application reference number order (most recent to oldest – but please note that the actual decision dates will not necessarily run chronologically).  However the entries can be sorted by clicking on the arrows at the head of each column.                       Last update: 11 April 2019

ReferenceLocationProposalStatus/ DecisionDate
5/2019/0461Lady Bray Farm, Kennel Lane, Kinsbourne Green AL5 3PZPrior approval. Change of use of agricultural buildings to Class C3 to create three dwellingsPending1 March 2019
5/2019/1368Turners Hall Farm, Annables Lane, Kinsbourne GreenListed Building Consent. Change of use of former agricultural buildings to five dwellings with associated amenity space and landscaping, replacement cart lodge for parking,new access road, crossover and entrance gate and ancilliary works at barnInvalid application21 March 2019
5/2019/0254Rothamsted Little Stars Day Nursery, Rothamsted Research Centre, West Common, Harpenden, AL52JQChange of use to Class D2 (gym), internal alterations and alterations to fenestration
and doors (resubmission following withdrawal of 5/2018/2017
Invalid application11 April 2019
5/2019/0060Turners Hall Farm, Annables Lane, Kinsbourne GreenChange of use of former agricultural buildings to five dwellings with associated amenity space and landscaping, replacement cart lodge for parking,new access road, crossover and entrance gate and ancilliary works at barnInvalid application21 March 2019
5/2018/3284Lady Bray Farm, Kennel Lane,Kinsbourne Green, AL5 3PZListed Building consent - Partial demolition and internal and external alterations to
outbuilding (part retention)
Pending1 February 2019
5/2018/3276Turners Hall Farm, Annables Lane Harpenden New access, crossover and entrance gate to facilitate approved planning permission 5/2015/3425 and siting of bat boxes at BarnPending18 January 2019
5/2018/3184Lady Bray Farm, Kennel Lane
Kinsbourne Green, AL53PZ
Partial demolition and change of use of outbuilding to Class C3 (residential) to
create detached four bedroom dwelling, external alterations and new vehicle access
(part retrospective)
Pending1 February 2019
5/2018/3151Bramble Cottage Kennel Lane Kinsbourne Green AL5 3PZDemolition of existing bungalow and construction of one, two bedroom detached dwelling with detached single storey carport with associated landscaping worksApproved8 April 2019
5/2018/3150Bramble Cottage Kennel Lane Kinsbourne Green AL5 3PZDemolition of existing bungalow and construction of one,two bedroom detached dwelling with detached single storey double garage and associated landscaping worksWithdrawn8 February 2019
5/2018/2880Garden Cottage Annables Lane Kinsbourne Green Harpenden Hertfordshire AL5 3PSReplacement dwelling and detached garageDC3 Conditional Permission21 December 2018
5/2018/27904 Beech Ridge Kinsbourne Green Lane Harpenden Hertfordshire AL5 3NJDischarge of Condition 3 (details of materials) of planning permission 5/2017/1820 dated 23/08/2017 for Single storey garden officeDischarge of Condition - Approved28 November 2018
5/2018/2722High Ridge Spring Road Kinsbourne Green Harpenden Hertfordshire AL5 3PPNon Material Amendment - Conversion of garage to planning permission 5/2018/1130 dated 16/08/2018 for Two storey side extension, single storey side extension, front porch canopy and alterations to openingsNon Material Amendment Approved16 November 2018
5/2018/2715Greenacres Annables Lane Kinsbourne Green Harpenden Hertfordshire AL5 3PLDemolition of single storey front elements and erection of new front porch, first floor front extension and insertion of front and rear rooflights (resubmission following refusal of 5/2018/0869)DC3 Conditional Permission06 December 2018
5/2018/2361Lady Bray Farm Kennel Lane Kinsbourne Green Harpenden Hertfordshire AL5 3PZDischarge of Conditions 3 (samples of materials) and 4 (landscape design proposals) of planning permission 5/2016/1463 dated 12/08/2016 for Partial demolition and change of use of outbuilding to Class C3 (residential) to create detached four bedroom dwellDischarge of Condition - Partial15 November 2018
5/2018/2252Rothamsted Manor Rothamsted Estate Harpenden Hertfordshire AL5 2BGListed Building consent - Installation of intruder alarms including cameras and additional basement smoke detectorRefused10 October 2018
5/2018/2251Turners Hall Farm Annables Lane Kinsbourne Green Hertfordshire
Harpenden AL5 3PT
Variation of Conditions 15 (further details heating and lighting equipment), 16 (glass
block samples), 18 (window sections), 19 (refuse), 32 (external lighting) and 38
(landscape design proposal) of planning permission 5/2015/3425 dated 15/08/2016
for Change of use of former agricultural buildings to four dwellings with associated
amenity space and landscaping, replacement cart lodge for parking and new
access road
Approved26 October 2018
5/2018/2066Turners Hall Farm Annables Lane Kinsbourne Green Harpenden Hertfordshire AL5 3PTDischarge of Conditions 11 (samples of materials), 22 (details of access), 38 (landscape design proposals(partial: b. means of enclosure, c. car parking layout, d. other vehicle & pedestrian access, e. hard surfacing materials)), 45 (bat boxes) of planning permission 5/2015/3425 dated 15/08/2016 for Change of use of former agricultural buildings to four dwellings with associated amenity space and landscaping, replacement cart lodge for parking and new access roadWithdrawn2 October 2018
5/2018/1980Harpenden Rugby Club Redbourn Lane Hatching Green Harpenden Hertfordshire AL5 2BADischarge of Conditions 3 (landscaping) and 4 (soft landscaping) of planning permission 5/2018/1072 dated 18/07/2018 for Variation of Condition 8 (protected species) of planning permission 5/2017/3465 dated 19/03/2018 for Redevelopment of grass rugby pitchApproved29 August 2018
5/2018/1699The Fox PH 469 Luton Road Harpenden Hertfordshire AL5 3QEDischarge of Condition 3 (tree protection) of planning permission 5/2018/0466 dated 18/05/2018 for Resurfacing of existing car park and hard landscapingDischarge of Condition - Approved02 August 2018
5/2018/1299Braybourne End & The Cottage Kennel Lane Kinsbourne Green Harpenden Hertfordshire AL5 3PZTwo detached, five bedroom dwellings with associated parking and landscaping following demolition of existing buildings; alterations to elevation materials of existing bungalowRefused 10/8/2018
Appeal lodged 16/10/2018
5/2018/1296Turners Hall Farm Annables Lane Kinsbourne Green Harpenden Hertfordshire AL5 3PTNew access and crossover, entrance gates and wall to facilitate approved planning permission 5/2015/3425Withdrawn16 July 2018
5/2018/1130High Ridge Spring Road Harpenden Hertfordshire AL5 3PPTwo storey side extension, single storey side extension, front porch canopy and alterations to openingsDC3 Conditional Permission16 August 2018
5/2018/1111441 Luton Road Harpenden Hertfordshire AL5 3QETwo rear dormer windows to replace existing rooflightsDC3 Conditional Permission06 July 2018
5/2018/1098Rothamsted Manor Harpenden Hertfordshire AL5 2BGListed Building Consent - Installation of intruder alarm system and additional fire sensorsWithdrawn14 May 2018
5/2018/1072Harpenden Rugby Club Redbourn Lane Hatching Green Harpenden AL5 2BAVariation of Condition 8 (protected species) of planning permission 5/2017/3465 dated 19/03/2018 for Redevelopment of grass rugby pitch with artificial grass pitch with floodlights and associated fencing, landscaping and storage containerDC3 Conditional Permission18 July 2018
5/2018/1040Pennypond Annables Lane Harpenden Hertfordshire AL53PLDischarge of Condition 3 (samples of materials) of planning permission 5/2017/3390 dated 23/02/2018 for Oak framed detached garage with rooflights (resubmission following withdrawal of 5/2017/0589)Discharge of Condition - Approved22 May 2018
5/2018/0869Greenacres Annables Lane Kinsbourne Green Harpenden Hertfordshire AL5 3PLDemolition of existing front and rear extension and part two storey extension and erection of part single, part two storey front and rear extensions, balcony to rear and insertion of rooflightsDC4 Refusal25 May 2018
5/2018/0470Lady Bray Farm Kennel Lane Kinsbourne Green Harpenden Hertfordshire AL5 3PZListed Building consent - Construction of carport incorporating lock-up cycle and log storeDC10 Listed Building Conditional Consent25 May 2018
5/2018/0469Lady Bray Farm Kennel Lane Kinsbourne Green Harpenden Hertfordshire AL5 3PZConstruction of carport incorporating lock-up cycle and log storeDC3 Conditional Permission25 May 2018
5/2018/0466The Fox PH 469 Luton Road Harpenden Hertfordshire AL5 3QEResurfacing of existing car park and hard landscapingDC3 Conditional Permission18 May 2018
5/2018/0455Dutch Barn Harpendenbury Farm Harpendenbury Redbourn Hertfordshire AL3 7QADemolition of existing motor vehicle repair workshop and construction of detached three bedroom dwelling with associated parking and landscapingDC3 Conditional Permission23 April 2018
5/2018/0400Pennypond Annables Lane Harpenden Hertfordshire AL5 3PLVariation of Conditions 2 (approved plans), 9 (method statement for protection of trees) and 10 (landscape design proposals) of planning permission 5/2016/3249 dated 22/12/2016 for Demolition of existing and erection of one, two storey dwelling (resubmission following refusal of 5/2016/1029)DC3 Conditional Permission20 April 2018
5/2018/0334Turners Hall Farm Annables Lane Harpenden Hertfordshire AL5 3PTConstruction of stable block (resubmission following withdrawal of 5/2017/2945)Withdrawn24 April 2018
5/2018/0312The Fox PH 469 Luton Road Harpenden Hertfordshire AL5 3QEListed Building consent - Display of internal signage consisting of four frosted vinyls and one aluminium panelDC10 Listed Building Conditional Consent12 April 2018
5/2018/0156St Marys Church Luton Road Harpenden Hertfordshire AL5 3QGDischarge of Condition 4 (method statement for tree protection) of planning permission 5/2017/2842 dated 11/12/2017 for Replacement of grass with artificial turfDischarge of Condition - Approved28 February 2018
5/2018/0128Garden Cottage Annables Lane Kinsbourne Green Hertfordshire Harpenden AL5 3PSReplacement dwelling and detached carportDC3 Conditional Permission05 April 2018
5/2017/3644Rothamsted Manor Rothamsted Estate Harpenden Hertfordshire AL5 2BGListed Building consent - Siting of marquee within walled garden for wedding receptions, corporate, charity, community and private events, with associated walkway, hard and sot landscaping, parking and ancillary services including toilets and catering enclosure, use of ground floor of Manor building for wedding receptions, corporate, charity, community and private events and bridal party accommodationDC10 Listed Building Conditional Consent25 April 2018
5/2017/3639Land Adj Canley The Common Kinsbourne Green Hertfordshire Harpenden AL5 3PEConstruction of two, four bedroom detached dwellings with new access driveAPPEAL LODGED
DC4 Refusal
26 July 2018
21 March 2018
5/2017/3632Rothamsted Manor Rothamsted Estate Harpenden Hertfordshire AL5 2BGSiting of marquee within walled garden for wedding receptions, corporate, charity, community and private events, with associated walkway, landscaping, parking and ancillary services including toilets and catering enclosure, use of ground floor of Manor building for wedding receptions, corporate, charity, community and private events and bridal party accommodationDC3 Conditional Permission25 April 2018
5/2017/3465Harpenden Rugby Club Redbourn Lane Hatching Green Hertfordshire Harpenden AL5 2BARedevelopment of grass rugby pitch with artificial grass pitch with floodlights and associated fencing, landscaping and storage containerDC3 Conditional Permission19 March 2018
5/2017/3390Pennypond Annables Lane Kinsbourne Green Harpenden Hertfordshire AL5 3PLOak framed detached garage with rooflights (resubmission following withdrawal of 5/2017/0589)DC3 Conditional Permission23 February 2018
5/2017/3350The Fox PH 469 Luton Road Harpenden Hertfordshire AL5 3QERe-surfacing of existing car park, hard and soft landscapingInvalid application17 January 2018
5/2017/3275Braybourne End Kennel Lane Kinsbourne Green Harpenden Hertfordshire AL5 3PZConstruction of a barnInvalid application14 December 2017
5/2017/3171Redbourn Golf Club Luton Lane Redbourn Hertfordshire AL3 7QADischarge of Condition 9 (archaeological WSI) of planning permission 5/2015/3082 dated 12/01/2017 for the Creation of irrigation reservoir and associated worksDischarge of Condition - Approved20 November 2017
5/2017/3169Redbourn Golf Club Luton Lane Redbourn Hertfordshire AL3 7QADischarge of Conditions 4 (landscape design proposals) and 11 (landscape management plan) of planning permission 5/2015/3082 dated 12/01/2017 for the Creation of irrigation reservoir and associated worksDischarge of Condition - Approved24 November 2017
5/2017/3127Braybourne End Kennel Lane Kinsbourne Green Harpenden Hertfordshire AL5 3PZDemolition of existing buildings and erection of two detached four bedroom dwellings (resubmission following refusal of 5/2016/3731)DC3 Conditional Permission16 March 2018
5/2017/3074Highlands Annables Lane Kinsbourne Green Harpenden Hertfordshire AL5 3PJDischarge of Condition 6 (ecology) of planning permission 5/2017/0479 dated 03/08/2017 for Demolition of existing and construction of one detached dwellingDischarge of Condition - Approved13 December 2017
5/2017/3068Faulkners End Farm Roundwood Lane Harpenden Hertfordshire AL5 3PGConversion of victorian barn into Class B1 (business) office units and home gym at ground floor and one, two bedroom residential unit at ground and first floor with alterations to openings and insertion of rooflight. New Class D2 stable block and farm offic- AMENDED PLANSDC10 Listed Building Conditional Consent29 June 2018
5/2017/3067Faulkners End Farm Roundwood Lane Harpenden Hertfordshire AL5 3PGConversion of victorian barn into Class B1 (business) office units and home gym at ground floor and one, two bedroom residential unit at ground and first floor with alterations to openings and insertion of rooflight. New Class D2 stable block and farm offic- AMENDED PLANSDC3 Conditional Permission29 June 2018
5/2017/3041White Walls Annables Lane Kinsbourne Green Harpenden Hertfordshire AL5 3PUFirst floor front extension with dormer windowDC3 Conditional Permission21 December 2017
5/2017/2945Turners Hall Farm Annables Lane Kinsbourne Green Harpenden Hertfordshire AL5 3PTConstruction of stable blockWithdrawn14 December 2017
5/2017/2910The Fox PH 469 Luton Road Harpenden Hertfordshire AL5 3QEListed Building consent - Internal and external alterations and refurbishments, installation of external lighting, fencing and landscapingDC10 Listed Building Conditional Consent10 January 2018
5/2017/2909The Fox PH 469 Luton Road Harpenden Hertfordshire AL5 3QEExternal alterations and refurbishments, installation of external lighting, fencing and landscapingDC3 Conditional Permission10 January 2018
5/2017/2870Redbourn Golf Club Luton Lane Redbourn Hertfordshire AL3 7QAPartial Discharge of Conditions 3 (tree/natural feature protection: fencing), 4 (landscape design proposal), 11 (landscape management plan) and 13 (details of earthworks) of planning permission 5/2015/3082 dated 12/01/2017 for the Creation of irrigation reservoir and associated worksDischarge of Condition - Approved08 November 2017
5/2017/2857Land Adj Canley The Common Kinsbourne Green Harpenden HertfordshireSix bedroom, two storey detached dwelling with habitable roofspace, associated landscaping, parking and new accessDC4 Refusal13 December 2017
5/2017/2842St Marys Church Luton Road Harpenden Hertfordshire AL5 3QGReplacement of grass with artificial turfDC3 Conditional Permission11 December 2017
5/2017/2754The Fox PH 469 Luton Road Harpenden Hertfordshire AL5 3QEListed Building Consent - Display of seven non-illuminated wall mounted signs and fourteen non-illuminated internal signs.DC10 Listed Building Conditional Consent02 February 2018
5/2017/2736The Fox PH 469 Luton Road Harpenden Hertfordshire AL5 3QEAdvertisement Consent - Display of one externally illuminated standing sign, one internally illuminated standing sign, seven non-illuminated wall mounted signs and one non-illuminated board signAC2 Advert consent - standard conditions31 January 2018
5/2017/2475Brickfield Farm Coles Lane Kinsbourne Green Harpenden HertfordshireCertificate of Lawfulness (existing) - Reroofing, recladding and rebuilding to upgrade commercial/storage buildingCertificate of Lawfulness Approved09 November 2017
5/2017/2138Sutherlands Kinsbourne Green Lane Harpenden Hertfordshire AL5 3PHCertificate of Lawfulness (proposed) - Erection of single storey clad garden room to be used as a hobby roomCertificate of Lawfulness Approved18 September 2017
5/2017/2106Pennypond Annables Lane Kinsbourne Green Harpenden AL5 3PLDischarge of Conditions 4 (samples of materials), 9 (method statement for protection of trees), 10 (landscape design proposals) and 11 (soft landscape works) of planning permission 5/2016/3249 dated 22/12/2016 for Demolition of existing and erection of one, two storey dwelling (resubmission following refusal of 5/2016/1029)Discharge of Condition - Approved08 September 2017
5/2017/2016Land Adjacent To High Ridge Spring Road Kinsbourne Green Harpenden HertfordshireDischarge of Conditions 3 (samples of materials), 5 (hard and soft landscape works) and 7 (tree protection method statement) of planning permission 5/2016/3470 dated 24/01/2017 for One, two storey, five bedroom dwelling with habitable roofspace and accommodation within basement level, associated parking and landscapingDischarge of Condition - Approved12 October 2017
5/2017/1953Coles House Coles Lane Kinsbourne Green Harpenden AL5 3PYCertificate of Lawfulness (existing) - Use of the existing workshop/studio as an independent dwelling (resubmission following refusal of 5/2017/1464)Cert of Lawfulness - Refused04 September 2017
5/2017/1891St Marys Church Luton Road Harpenden AL5 3QGCertificate of Lawfulness (proposed) - Grass replaced by astroturfCert of Lawfulness - Refused11 September 2017
5/2017/18204 Beech Ridge Kinsbourne Green Lane Harpenden AL5 3NJSingle storey garden officeDC3 Conditional Permission23 August 2017
5/2017/1803447 Luton Road Harpenden AL5 3QEDischarge of Condition 4 (details of materials) of Listed Building consent 5/2016/2973 dated 06/12/2016 for Replacement windowsDischarge of Condition - Approved22 August 2017
5/2017/1710Braybourne End Kennel Lane Kinsbourne Green Harpenden AL5 3PZSingle storey rear extension, raising of roof ridge, loft conversion with two rear dormer windows, relocation and alterations to front porch and alterations of openingsDC3 Conditional Permission31 August 2017
5/2017/1709Braybourne End Kennel Lane Kinsbourne Green Harpenden AL5 3PZDischarge of Conditions 3 (sample of materials), 6 (landscape design proposals), 7 (soft landscape works), 10 (proposed car parking) and 12 (proposed cycle parking) of planning permission 5/2014/1776 dated 19/08/2014 for Demolition of four agricultural buildingsDischarge of Condition - Approved17 August 2017
5/2017/1640Land Adjacent To High Ridge Spring Road Kinsbourne Green HarpendenOne, two storey, five bedroom dwelling with habitable roofspace and associated parking and landscapingDC3 Conditional Permission31 July 2017
5/2017/1465Annexe Braybourne End Kennel Lane Kinsbourne Green Harpenden AL5 3PZDischarge of Condition 3 (hard and soft landscape works) of planning permission 5/2016/3500 dated 24/01/2017 for the Use of existing annexe as independent dwelling house (retrospective)Discharge of Condition - Approved20 July 2017
5/2017/1464 (Resubmitted under 5/2017/1953 below)Coles House Coles Lane Kinsbourne Green Harpenden AL5 3PYCertificate of Lawfulness (existing) - Use of the existing workshop/studio as an independent dwellingCert of Lawfulness - Refused30 June 2017
5/2017/1234White Oaks The Common Kinsbourne Green Harpenden AL5 3PEDischarge of Condition 3 (samples of materials) of planning permission 5/2016/2570 dated 17/10/2016 for Single storey side extension, part single, part two storey rear extension with balcony and roof lantern, replacement of roof tiles, new rendering of prDischarge of Condition - Approved25 May 2017
5/2017/1229Bramble Cottage Kennel Lane Kinsbourne Green Harpenden AL5 3PZCertificate of Lawfulness (proposed) - Garage and car port to the dwellingCertificate of Lawfulness Approved03 July 2017
5/2017/1225Far Corner Chamberlaines Kinsbourne Green Harpenden AL5 3PWPart single, part first floor rear extension with crown roof and installation of rooflightsDC4 Refusal22 June 2017
5/2017/1190Land Adjacent To High Ridge Spring Road Kinsbourne Green HarpendenErection of one, five bedroom dwelling and associated landscapingInvalid application09 June 2017
5/2017/1158447 Luton Road Harpenden AL5 3QEDischarge of Conditions 4 (details of materials) and 5 (top-light elements) of Listed Building consent 5/2016/2973 dated 06/12/2016 for Replacement windowsDischarge of Condition - Refused15 June 2017
5/2017/0769    White Oaks The Common Kinsbourne Green, AL5 3PENon Material Amendment - Additional render to lower part of front gable and modifications to window/ door openings and fenestration to planning permission 5/2016/2570 dated 17/10/2016 for Single storey side extension, part single, part two storey rear extension with balcony and roof lantern, replacement of roof tiles, new rendering of property and alterations to openings    Approved    12-Apr-17    
5/2017/0739Garden Cottage Annables Lane Kinsbourne Green, AL5 3PSCertificate of Lawfulness (proposed) - Single storey side and two storey rear extension, detached building in rear garden and garage conversion to form habitable roomCertificate of Lawfulness Approved15 May 2017
5/2017/0656    White Oaks The Common Kinsbourne Green, AL5 3PEDischarge of Condition 3 (samples of materials) of planning permission 5/2016/2570 dated 17/10/2016 for Single storey side extension, part single, part two storey rear extension with balcony and roof lantern, replacement of roof tiles, new rendering of property and alterations to openings    Approved    25-Apr-17    
5/2017/0596    1 Ivy Cottages Harpendenbury Redbourn, AL3 7PZCertificate of Lawfulness (proposed) - Two storey rear extension (resubmission following refusal of 5/2017/0417 dated 24/02/2017)    Approved    11-Apr-17    
5/2017/0589Pennypond Annables Lane Kinsbourne Green Harpenden AL5 3PLOak framed detached garage with rooflightsWithdrawn17 May 2017
5/2017/0506The Willows Dove House Farm Annables Lane Kinsbourne Green Harpenden AL5 3PRSingle storey side and rear extension with rooflightsDC3 Conditional Permission31 May 2017
5/2017/0479Highlands Annables Lane Kinsbourne Green Harpenden AL5 3PJDemolition of existing and construction of one detached dwellingDC3 Conditional Permission03 August 2017
5/2017/0442    Maison Rose The Common Kinsbourne Green, AL5 3PEFirst floor rear extension    Approved    12-Apr-17    
5/2017/0336    Kettles Kinsbourne Green Lane Kinsbourne Green, AL5 3PFPart two storey, part first floor side extension and single storey rear extension following demolition of existing, alterations to openings and refurbishment to elevations (amendment to planning permission 5/2016/2205 dated 07/11/2016)    Approved    04-Apr-17    
5/2017/0308    Rothamsted Manor Rothamsted Estate Harpenden, AL5 2BGUse of ground floor rooms for events such as weddings, celebrations of life, dinners, luncheons, music recitals & meetings and rear garden space for large (80+ people) weddings including erection of a marquee and associated car parking    Application withdrawn    21-Apr-17    
5/2016/3731    Braybourne End Kennel Lane Kinsbourne Green, AL5 3PZThree, three bedroom dwellings following demolition of existing buildings    Refusal    04-Apr-17    
5/2016/2611    High Ridge Spring Road Kinsbourne Green, AL5 3PPNew front porch with canopy over, two storey side and rear extensions and single storey front outbuilding following the demolition of existing single storey side extensions    Appeal dismissed   (DC4 Refusal)13-Apr-17   (04 November 2016)
5/2016/1029    Pennypond Annables Lane Kinsbourne Green, AL5 3PLDemolition of existing and erection of one, two storey dwelling with habitable roofspace   Appeal dismissed   (DC4 Refusal)13-Apr-17   (12 August 2016)